How did the Forest of Tranquility form?
are several physical environmental characteristics which account
for the formation of the rainforest.
Rainfall exceeds 1000mm per annum and can be as high as 2000mm per
year. Drought periods are rare and the average temperatures are
mild (temperature does not generally limit the distribution of rainforests
however it does limit the distribution of plant and animal species.)
The Forest exists on nutrient-rich shale which includes volcanic
material. Also, patches of nutrient-rich alluvial soil can be found
in the gully.
The Forest is situated on the sheltered side of a hill the
gully and cliff protect plant life from the drying winds and the
Plants and other organisms have adapted to the conditions underneath
the rainforest canopy. They co-exist to form a complex ecosystem.
For example - the leaf litter is decomposed by a variety of flora
and fauna micro-organisms, such as fungi, snails and ants, which
in turn provides new nutrients for the soil.
The topography and high rainfall provide a natural barrier against
out why it's so unique (click here)